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    SAIL and Tata Steel Ltd. – two of the most prestigious top steel companies in India. While SAIL is a public sector undertaking, Tata Steel is privately owned by the Tata Group of companies. Whether it’s about adopting the latest technologies in steel manufacturing, or offering a wide range of steel across different grades, these two competing steel brands (i.e., SAIL vs Tata Steel) have been instrumental in being pioneers in steel production and meeting the rising demand of steel in the domestic market. Here we take a look at Tata Steel and SAIL products to understand their features, price, applications and more.

    SAIL vs Tata Steel – Overview

    SAIL

    SAIL or Steel Authority of India Limited is a central PSU, with an estimated annual turnover of US$13 billion (fiscal year 2022-23). It is the largest government owned steel producer in the country. For more details on SAIL, visit: sail.co.in/en

    What is SAIL full form?

    SAIL full form is Steel Authority of India Limited. It’s a Maharatna company, a central PSU and one of India’s largest steel manufacturers.

    It has 5 integrated steel plants and 3 special steel plants set up for the production of iron and steel. It was founded in 1954 and was initially called Hindustan Steel Limited (HSL).

    What is SAIL original name?

    When SAIL was founded on 19 January 1054, it was originally called Hindustan Steel Limited (HSL). It was set up initially to manage the upcoming steel plant at Rourkela.

    Later, in 1957, the management for the plants at Bhilai and Durgapur, were also taken up by Hindustan Steel Limited.

    Tata Steel Limited

    Tata Steel Limited is a part of the Tata Group and is one of the largest steel producing companies worldwide with operations across geographies. It’s the largest steel producer in India, with an annual turnover of US$31 billion (excluding SEA operations). For more details on Tata Steel, visit: tatasteel.com/

    Tata Steel and SAIL have their own captive iron ore mines.

    (Also read: Tata Steel – the first Indian steel company to use LNG cape-size carrier and its efforts towards sustainability) steel business in India

    Tata Steel and SAIL: Differences, similarities, products, industries, stocks

    In the next section, we take a closer look at the two leading steel manufacturers in India.

    SAIL Tata Steel
    Inception Founded in 1954, headquartered at New Delhi (Maharatna company) Founded in 1907, headquartered at Mumbai (formerly known as TISCO – Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited)
    Company type Central PSU under the Ministry of Steel, Government of India Indian multi-national steel maker, a part of the Tata Group of companies
    Annual turnover US$ 13 billion (for fiscal year 2022-23) US$ 31 billion for year ending 2023 (turnover excluding SEA operations)
    Avg. capacity 18.29 million metric tonnes annual production 21.6 million tonnes
    Plant location / Operations Bhilai, Rourkela, Durgapur, Bokaro, Burnpur (Asansol) – all integrated steel plants Jamshedpur with manufacturing operations across 26 countries mainly the UK and Netherlands
    Industries served All sectors and global markets Automotive, construction, engineering, energy and power, rail and defence, aerospace, shipbuilding etc.
    Acquisitions/JVs JVs –

    ·       NTPC SAIL Power Company Limited – 50:50 JV between NTPC and SAIL

    ·       Bokaro Power Supply Company Pvt. Ltd – 50:50 JV between SAIL and Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC)

    ·       Mjunction Services Ltd. – SAIL and Tata Steel running an eMarketplace for steel

    Acquisitions –

    ·       NatSteel (Singapore)

    ·       Millennium Steel (Thailand)

    ·       Corus (Anglo-Dutch)

    ·       Bhushan Steel

    ·       Usha Martin (steel division)

    JVs –

    ·       Tata BlueScope Steel Ltd. – Tata Steel and BlueScope

    ·       JCAPCPL – Tata Steel and Nippon Steel

    Products list ·       TMT bars

    ·       Plates

    ·       Wire Rods

    ·       Galvanised products

    ·       Pipes

    ·       Hot Rolled products

    ·       Cold Rolled products

    ·       Pig iron

    ·       Stainless steel

    ·       Wheels and Axels

    ·       Structurals

    ·       Electrical steels

    ·       Semis

    ·       TMT bars

    ·       Steel wires

    ·       Hot Rolled products

    ·       Cold Rolled products (sheets and coils)

    ·       Coated products

    ·       Galvanised products (sheets and coils)

    ·       Agricultural and construction tools

    ·       Tradesmen hand tools

    ·       Bearings (ball bearings, roller bearings)

    ·       Steel tubes and pipes

    Listed on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE SENSEX) and National Stock Exchange of India
    Share price ₹157.60 (13 May 2024) ₹164.05 (13 May 2024)

    *Price as on 13 May 2024

    India is the 2nd largest steel producer worldwide accounting for almost 15% of the global demand. India’s recent focus on self-reliance, infrastructure development and sustainability (for instance through EVs and metro railways for transportation) has accelerated the demand for steel in construction and steel in automotive sector.

    As such, though Tata Steel and SAIL products are top-notch, today there are several other leading steel brands in India. As a steel buyer, it’s essential for you to compare brands and products, their prices, features, availability, and other parameters before selecting the right steel brand for your project.

    In the next section, we will take a look at the products and steel price list for SAIL vs Tata Steel to help you learn more about the two leading steel companies.

    Top products and price list – Tata Steel and SAIL

    As leading steel manufacturers in the country, SAIL and Tata Steel both offer quality products to their customers. They offer a wide range of steel products across TMT bars, coils, sheets, HRC and CRC, galvanised steel and more. Let us take a look at the different products and the steel price list at Tata Steel vs Steel Authority of India Limited.

    Also read: Tata Steel procurement process

    TMT bar price – Tata Steel vs SAIL

    TMT bars or thermos mechanically treated bars are one of the most commonly used steel bars used in the construction of buildings, flyovers, bridges, industrial structures, etc. They are resistant to fire, earthquakes and corrosion, flexible, strong and cost-effective. They are available in different sizes and grades including Fe 415, Fe 500, Fe 550 and Fe 600. Here are some tips to buy TMT bars in India to help you make an informed decision.

    Tata Steel vs SAIL TMT steel price

    SAIL TMT bars Tata Steel TMT bars
    Type: Fe 500D, Location: West Bengal

    SAIL TMT bar price list*

    ·       8mm – ₹57,750+ per tonne

    ·       10 mm – ₹55,750+ per tonne

    ·       12 mm – ₹55,250+ per tonne

    Type: Tata Tiscon 550 SD, Location: Howrah, West Bengal

    Tata Steel TMT bar price* (per piece)

    ·       8mm – ₹396

    ·       10 mm – ₹604

    ·       12 mm – ₹854

    Type: Fe 550

    SAIL TMT steel bar rate*

    ·       8mm – ₹70,300+ per tonne

    ·       10 mm – ₹70,300+ per tonne

    ·       12 mm – ₹69,000+ per tonne

    Type: Tata Tiscon 550 SD, Location: Mumbai, Maharashtra

    Tata Steel TMT bar rate* (per piece)

    ·       8mm – ₹379

    ·       10 mm – ₹578

    ·       12 mm – ₹814

    *Prices are indicative and subject to change. Additional charges may be added for GST + taxes, transport cost, packaging cost etc. Prices are state and city specific. Prices may vary for wholesalers, retailers, manufacturers. Always speak with your seller before purchase.

    Also read: Check today steel price in Bangalore and the list of Tata Steel products

    Hot rolled steel price in India – Tata Steel vs SAIL

    Tata Astrum offers quality hot rolled coils (HRC) and sheets for manufacturing and infrastructure projects. The HR steel is offered in different grades, thickness and width to cater to diverse business requirements. Hot rolled steel can be used for automotive parts, agricultural equipment, railroad equipment and more.

    SAIL vs Tata Steel hot rolled steel coils and sheets price in India

    SAIL hot rolled steel* Tata Steel hot rolled steel*
    ·       HR sheet (1.6 mm – 10mm) – starting from ₹48,000/ metric tonne

    ·       HR coils – ₹45,500/metric tonne

    ·       HR coils sheet – ₹60,500/ metric tonne

    ·       HR sheet coil – ₹57,500/ metric tonne

    *Prices are indicative and subject to change. Additional charges may be added for GST + taxes, transport cost, packaging cost etc. Prices are state and city specific. Prices may vary for wholesalers, retailers, manufacturers. Always speak with your seller before purchase.

    Also read: Check steel price in Delhi today

    Cold rolled steel price – SAIL and Tata Steel

    SAIL’s cold rolled products can be used in auto parts, general engineering and fabrication, white goods, precision tubes, drum and barrel and more. Tata Steelium (Tata Steel) offers CR sheets and coils for auto ancillary, furniture, panels and general engineering. These are known for their weldability and formability.

    SAIL vs Tata Steel cold rolled steel rate

    SAIL cold rolled steel* Tata Steel cold rolled steel*
    ·       CRC cold rolled coils (0.5 mm – 2mm) –₹46,000/metric tonne

    ·       Cold rolled steel sheets (0.8mm – 1.6mm) – ₹49,000/metric tonne

    ·       CR coils – ₹46,500/metric tonne

    ·       CRCA strip coil – ₹65/kg

    ·       CR coil (0.5mm – 3.00mm for automotive sector) – ₹64.5/kg

    *Prices are indicative and subject to change. Additional charges may be added for GST + taxes, transport cost, packaging cost etc. Prices are state and city specific. Prices may vary for wholesalers, retailers, manufacturers. Always speak with your seller before purchase.

    Also read: Check steel prices in Chennai and what is CRCA steel?

    steel price

    *For representational purpose only. Not actual prices.

    Which is better, SAIL or Tata Steel?

    SAIL and Tata Steel both provide quality steel. Their manufacturing process is authentic and the products undergo the required quality tests. As such, as a buyer you may consider buying from any brand after checking the final price, payment terms, and any other terms/conditions.

    Tata Steel and SAIL are both steel giants in the steel sector and cater to various segments and industries. However, there are certain aspects to consider when comparing the two leading Indian steel manufacturers:

    • Tata Steel Ltd. is known for its dynamic approach to innovation, investment in new technologies, and commitment to quality, resulting in durable and high-performing steel products for diverse project types
    • SAIL has an extensive and robust distribution network, with its plants and distribution hubs spread across different geographical locations, making it products easily accessible even in the most remote locations
    • SAIL and Tata Steel both offer competitive pricing, though SAIL’s products are at times more competitively priced making it suitable for a wider audience segment especially small and medium scale businesses looking for quality steel without much strain on their project budgets
    • Tata Steel is present in globally – enabling it to adopt international best practices making it possible to take the brand name to global markets and extend its market position

    It’s therefore recommended to consider your project requirements, price, quality and availability of the type/grade of steel first to determine which is better, Tata Steel or SAIL. For instance, when it comes to TMT bars, SAIL (SeQR TMT bars), Tata Steel (Tata Tiscon 500SD), JSW Steel (Neosteel 500D) and Jindal Steel (Jindal Panther) are the top TMT bar brands in India.

    which steel brand is better

    Also read: ISO registration and IS code for steel

    At Tata nexarc we make it easy for you to buy quality steel at competitive prices. We have partnered with verified sellers and help you procure TMT bars, coils, sheets, angles and channels and other steel products with easy credit options. Try now.

    Sohini Banerjee

    Sohini is a seasoned content writer with 12 years’ experience in developing marketing and business content across multiple formats. At Tata nexarc, she leverages her skills in crafting curated content on the Indian MSME sector, steel procurement, and logistics. In her personal time, she enjoys reading fiction and being up-to-date on trends in digital marketing and the Indian business ecosystem.